An x-ray (also called a radiograph) is the most commonly performed medical imaging test.
Imaging with x-rays involves exposing a part of the body to a small dose of radiation to produce a digital image.
X-rays are most commonly used to diagnose diseases of the chest (such as pneumonia or lung cancer) and bone disorders (such as arthritis or bone fractures).
What to Expect
On the day of the exam, please wear loose, comfortable clothing, avoiding garments that have zippers, belts, or buttons made of metal. You may be asked to wear a gown during the procedure. You will be asked to remove keys and jewelry in the area being scanned.
Women should always inform their physicians and the technologist if there is any possibility of pregnancy.
Esophagram and/or GI and/or Small Bowel - Nothing to eat or drink 12 hours prior to the exam. After the study, take a laxative (3 tbsp. Milk of Magnesia).
GI Series/Esoph - Nothing to eat after midnight. Clear liquids up until 4 hours before exam. GISB –npo after midnight.
Barium Enema and Air Contrast - Clear liquid diet for 24 hours prior to the exam. Liquids include clear juices such as apple, cranberry, and grape, clear soups, Jell-O, coffee or tea. No milk products or carbonated beverages. At 8 PM the night before – drink one 10 oz. bottle of citrate of magnesia. At 10 PM the night before the exam – take laxative with water. Beginning at 8 PM until bedtime, drink four 8-oz. glasses of water. On the morning of the exam you may have any liquid listed above. After the study, take a laxative (3 tbsp. of Milk Magnesia).
Plain X-Rays - No preparation necessary